Depression can take several different forms.  Depressive disorder impacts not only the mind but also the body. Depressive disorders include major depressive disorder, dysthymia, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, bipolar disorder, and many others.

What is Dysthymia?

Dysthymia is a chronic form of depression, it is also called persistent depressive disorder.  Dysthymia lasts for a very long time, typically for years. People who suffer from dysthymia often lose all interest in their usual activities. They may have a persistent feeling of hopelessness, have poor self-esteem, feel completely unproductive.  They are usually very unhappy with themselves in general. Dysthymia tends to impact a person's their job, social life, their family life, and essentially every aspect of their life. 

What is Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)?

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder causes serious depression prior to menstruation in women. The symptoms in premenstrual dysphoric disorder may often include increased irritability, feelings of hopelessness, increased tension, and loss of interest in usual activities. Sometimes premenstrual dysphoric disorder may be confused with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), but the symptoms in PMDD are more pronounced than those of PMS.

Treatment of Depression

Treatment for depression varies for each individual.  It is important to see a psychiatric provider who understands the nuances of treating depression.  Depression is often present with other psychiatric conditions which impacts the choice of medications.  For some individuals, therapy is a necessary component of depression treatment, that may or may not be used in combination with psychiatric medications.